by Reprinted for Ares Publishers by University Microfilms International in Ann Arbor, Mich .
Written in English
|Statement||by Al. N. Oikonomidēs.|
|LC Classifications||DF287.A23 O35 1978|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xix, 121 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||121|
|LC Control Number||78010677|
Ancient and Roman Agoras of Athens The Ancient Agora Agora means marketplace and the scattered piles of rocks and foundational walls are what is left of the stalls, buildings and shrines that were the center of life in ancient Athens where Socrates, Pericles, Plato and the rest of those guys once walked, talked and bought fistikia and pasetempo. The Agora, the marketplace and civic center, was one of the most important parts of an ancient city of Athens. In addition to being a place where people gathered to buy and sell all kinds of commodities, it was also a place where people assembled to discuss all kinds of topics: business, politics, current events, or the nature of the universe and the divine. A distinction was maintained between commercial and ceremonial agoras in Thessaly and elsewhere (Aristotle, Politics, vii, II, 2). In the highly developed agora, like that of Athens, each trade or profession had its own quarter. Many cities had officials called agoranomoi to control the area. Just about every ancient and modern city includes a place for an agora, and the Agora of Athens, being located at the heart of the city, remained in use either as an assembly, as a commercial, or as a residential area for about years.
The Ancient Agora Museum was founded in and housed in the Stoa of Attalos, a two-story rectangular building with a long sequence of columns. It was given to Athens by the King Attalus of Pergamon. The museum’s collection contains various items found during the excavations of the Ancient Agora, like ceramics, jewels, weaponry and coins. From these twin functions of the agora as a political and a commercial space came the two Greek verbs ἀγοράζω, agorázō, "I shop", and ἀγορεύω, agoreúō, "I speak in public". The main landmark of Athens is the acropolis ( ft/ m high), which dominates the city and on which stand the remains of the Parthenon, the propylaea, and the Erechtheum. Occupying the southern part of Athens, the Acropolis is ringed by the other chief landmarks of the ancient city—the Pnyx. Like the ancient agoras, they began to support multiple activities integrated in one place and became more a part of everyday life. Due to the impetus of the Congress for the New Urbanism, founded in , and the Urban Land Institute, founded in .